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Crater created at Nevada Test Site by the 1962 US nuclear test “Sedan” (NASA photo)


The proliferation of nuclear weapons urged the Superpowers and other nuclear nations to monitor the state of advancement of atomic programmes in foreign countries. A variety of geophysical techniques developed in connection with nuclear testing. In particular, the rise of underground tests propelled the expansion of seismology and world-wide surveillance seismic networks were established to gather data on nuclear explosions.